Integration of Insect Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs

  • Filename: integration-of-insect-resistant-genetically-modified-crops-within-ipm-programs.
  • ISBN: 9781402083730
  • Release Date: 2008-07-01
  • Number of pages: 441
  • Author: Jörg Romeis
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Insect pests remain one of the main constraints to food and fiber production worldwide despite farmers deploying a range of techniques to protect their crops. Modern pest control is guided by the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) with pest resistant germplasm being an important part of the foundation. Since 1996, when the first genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize variety was commercialized in the USA, the area planted to insect-resistant GM varieties has grown dramatically, representing the fastest adoption rate of any agricultural technology in human history. The goal of our book is to provide an overview on the role insect-resistant GM plants play in different crop systems worldwide. We hope that the book will contribute to a more rational debate about the role GM crops can play in IPM for food and fiber production.

Integration of Insect Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs

  • Filename: integration-of-insect-resistant-genetically-modified-crops-within-ipm-programs.
  • ISBN: 9781402083730
  • Release Date: 2008-07-01
  • Number of pages: 441
  • Author: Jörg Romeis
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Insect pests remain one of the main constraints to food and fiber production worldwide despite farmers deploying a range of techniques to protect their crops. Modern pest control is guided by the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) with pest resistant germplasm being an important part of the foundation. Since 1996, when the first genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize variety was commercialized in the USA, the area planted to insect-resistant GM varieties has grown dramatically, representing the fastest adoption rate of any agricultural technology in human history. The goal of our book is to provide an overview on the role insect-resistant GM plants play in different crop systems worldwide. We hope that the book will contribute to a more rational debate about the role GM crops can play in IPM for food and fiber production.

Environmental Safety of Genetically Engineered Crops

  • Filename: environmental-safety-of-genetically-engineered-crops.
  • ISBN: UIUC:30112096653875
  • Release Date: 2011
  • Number of pages: 234
  • Author: Rebecca Grumet
  • Publisher:



Since the mid-1990s, when the technology was first introduced, the cultivation of genetically engineered (GE) crops has grown exponentially. In the U.S. alone, adoption rates for transgenic cotton, corn, and soybeans are between 70–90%. Across the globe, 14 million farmers grow GE crops in more than twenty countries. Yet many countries are discussing and debating the use and adoption of GE technology because of concerns about their impact on the environment and human health. Now, in this comprehensive handbook, a team of international experts present the scientific basis for GE crops, placing them in the context of current agricultural systems, and examining the potential environmental risks posed by their deployment. An integrated approach to an increasingly hot and globally debated topic, the book considers the past, present, and future of GE crops, and offers an invaluable perspective for regulation and policy development.

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops

  • Filename: environmental-impact-of-genetically-modified-crops.
  • ISBN: 9781845934309
  • Release Date: 2009-01-01
  • Number of pages: 440
  • Author: Natalie Ferry
  • Publisher: CABI



The genetic modification of crops continues to be the subject of intense debate, and opinions are often strongly polarised. Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops addresses the major concerns of scientists, policy makers, environmental lobby groups and the general public regarding this controversial issue, from an editorially neutral standpoint. While the main focus is on environmental impact, food safety issues, for both humans and animals are also considered. The book concludes with a discussion on the future of agricultural biotechnology in the context of sustainability, natural resource management and future global population and food supply.

Relationships of Natural Enemies and Non prey Foods

  • Filename: relationships-of-natural-enemies-and-non-prey-foods.
  • ISBN: 9781402092350
  • Release Date: 2009-02-26
  • Number of pages: 454
  • Author: Jonathan G. Lundgren
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Feeding on Non-Prey Resources by Natural Enemies Moshe Coll Reports on the consumption of non-prey food sources, particularly plant materials, by predators and parasitoids are common throughout the literature (reviewed recently by Naranjo and Gibson 1996, Coll 1998a, Coll and Guershon, 2002). Predators belonging to a variety of orders and families are known to feed on pollen and nectar, and adult parasitoids acquire nutrients from honeydew and floral and extrafloral nectar. A recent publication by Wäckers et al. (2005) discusses the p- visioning of plant resources to natural enemies from the perspective of the plant, exploring the evolutionary possibility that plants enhance their defenses by recru- ing enemies to food sources. The present volume, in contrast, presents primarily the enemies’ perspective, and as such is the first comprehensive review of the nut- tional importance of non-prey foods for insect predators and parasitoids. Although the ecological significance of feeding on non-prey foods has long been underappreciated, attempts have been made to manipulate nectar and pollen ava- ability in crop fields in order to enhance levels of biological pest control by natural enemies (van Emden, 1965; Hagen, 1986; Coll, 1998a). The importance of n- prey foods for the management of pest populations is also discussed in the book.

Advanced Technologies for Managing Insect Pests

  • Filename: advanced-technologies-for-managing-insect-pests.
  • ISBN: 9789400744974
  • Release Date: 2012-07-20
  • Number of pages: 328
  • Author: Isaac Ishaaya
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Among the highlights of this book is the use of novel insecticides acting on a specific site in an insect group and are compatible with natural enemies and the environment. One of such approaches is based on disrupting the activity of biochemical sites acting on transcription factors such as the Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) family, anti juvenile hormone (AJH) agents that target JH biosynthetic enzymes, G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) and bursicon as a target for insect control. Another one is the biotechnology or the genetic approach such as gene silencing (RNA interference) and Bt-crops. Other sections of the book are devoted to the plant’s natural products, optical manipulation and the use of nanotechnology for improving insect control methods.

Ecological Engineering for Pest Management

  • Filename: ecological-engineering-for-pest-management.
  • ISBN: 9780643100077
  • Release Date: 2004-08-03
  • Number of pages: 244
  • Author: Geoff M Gurr
  • Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING



Ecological engineering is about manipulating farm habitats, making them less favourable for pests and more attractive to beneficial insects. Though they have received far less research attention and funding, ecological approaches may be safer and more sustainable than their controversial cousin, genetic engineering. This book brings together contributions from international workers leading the fast moving field of habitat manipulation, reviewing the field and paving the way towards the development and application of new pest management approaches. Chapters explore the frontiers of ecological engineering methods including molecular approaches, high tech marking and remote sensing. They also review the theoretical aspects of this field and how ecological engineering may interact with genetic engineering. The technologies presented offer opportunities to reduce crop losses to insects while reducing the use of pesticides and providing potentially valuable habitat for wildlife conservation. With contributions from the USA, UK, Germany, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Kenya and Israel, this book provides comprehensive coverage of international progress towards sustainable pest management.

Sterile Insect Technique

  • Filename: sterile-insect-technique.
  • ISBN: 1402040512
  • Release Date: 2006-02-23
  • Number of pages: 787
  • Author: V.A. Dyck
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



The sterile insect technique (SIT) is an environment-friendly pest control method that fits into area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) programmes. This book describes the principles and practice of SIT, frankly evaluating its strengths and weaknesses, successes and failures. SIT is useful against pests that have considerable impact on plant, animal and human health, and criteria are provided to guide in the selection of pests appropriate for SIT.

The Future Role of Pesticides in US Agriculture

  • Filename: the-future-role-of-pesticides-in-us-agriculture.
  • ISBN: 9780309065269
  • Release Date: 2000-11-02
  • Number of pages: 332
  • Author: Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology
  • Publisher: National Academies Press



Although chemical pesticides safeguard crops and improve farm productivity, they are increasingly feared for their potentially dangerous residues and their effects on ecosystems. The Future Role of Pesticides explores the role of chemical pesticides in the decade ahead and identifies the most promising opportunities for increasing the benefits and reducing the risks of pesticide use. The committee recommends R&D, program, and policy initiatives for federal agriculture authorities and other stakeholders in the public and private sectors. This book presents clear overviews of key factors in chemical pesticide use, including: Advances in genetic engineering not only of pest-resistant crops but also of pests themselves. Problems in pesticide use--concerns about the health of agricultural workers, the ability of pests to develop resistance, issues of public perception, and more. Impending shifts in agriculture--globalization of the economy, biological "invasions" of organisms, rising sensitivity toward cross-border environmental issues, and other trends. With a model and working examples, this book offers guidance on how to assess various pest control strategies available to today's agriculturist.

Insect Pest Management

  • Filename: insect-pest-management.
  • ISBN: 0851999360
  • Release Date: 2000-08-16
  • Number of pages: 432
  • Author: David Dent
  • Publisher: CABI



The first edition of this book, published in 1991, was well-received as an upper-level undergraduate textbook for courses in agricultural entomology and pest management. Since the publication of the first edition, many new advances have taken place in the subject, and these have been incorporated into the new version. The content has been updated throughout to provide balanced, comprehensive coverage.

Plant Resistance to Arthropods

  • Filename: plant-resistance-to-arthropods.
  • ISBN: 1402037015
  • Release Date: 2005-11-24
  • Number of pages: 423
  • Author: C. Michael Smith
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media



Arthropod resistant crops reduce pesticide pollution, alleviate hunger and improve human nutrition. This book reviews new information on environmental advantages of plant resistance, transgenic resistance, molecular bases of resistance, and use of molecular markers to map resistance genes.

Encyclopedia of Insects

  • Filename: encyclopedia-of-insects.
  • ISBN: 008092090X
  • Release Date: 2009-07-22
  • Number of pages: 1168
  • Author: Vincent H. Resh
  • Publisher: Academic Press



Awarded Best Reference by the New York Public Library (2004), Outstanding Academic Title by CHOICE (2003), and AAP/PSP 2003 Best Single Volume Reference/Sciences by Association of American Publishers' Professional Scholarly Publishing Division, the first edition of Encyclopedia of Insects was acclaimed as the most comprehensive work devoted to insects. Covering all aspects of insect anatomy, physiology, evolution, behavior, reproduction, ecology, and disease, as well as issues of exploitation, conservation, and management, this book sets the standard in entomology. The second edition of this reference will continue the tradition by providing the most comprehensive, useful, and up-to-date resource for professionals. Expanded sections in forensic entomology, biotechnology and Drosphila, reflect the full update of over 300 topics. Articles contributed by over 260 high profile and internationally recognized entomologists provide definitive facts regarding all insects from ants, beetles, and butterflies to yellow jackets, zoraptera, and zygentoma. * 66% NEW and revised content by over 200 international experts * New chapters on Bedbugs, Ekbom Syndrome, Human History, Genomics, Vinegaroons * Expanded sections on insect-human interactions, genomics, biotechnology, and ecology * Each of the 273 articles updated to reflect the advances which have taken place in entomology research since the previous edition * Features 1,000 full-color photographs, figures and tables * A full glossary, 1,700 cross-references, 3,000 bibliographic entries, and online access save research time * Updated with online access

Biological Control in Plant Protection

  • Filename: biological-control-in-plant-protection.
  • ISBN: 9781840766011
  • Release Date: 2014-04-30
  • Number of pages: 276
  • Author: Neil Helyer
  • Publisher: CRC Press



There has been a large increase in the commercial use of integrated crop/pest management methods for pest and disease control on a wide range of crops throughout the world since the first edition of this book. The completely revised second edition of the bestselling Biological Control in Plant Protection: A Color Handbook continues the objective of providing a handbook with profiles and full-color photographs of as many examples of biological control organisms from as wide a global area as possible. It is designed to help readers anticipate and recognize specific problems of pest management and then resolve them using the natural enemies of pests—parasites, predators, and pathogens. The authors first describe the impact of predator-prey relationships on host plant species in arable, orchard, and protected environments. The main sections of the book include profiles of pests, beneficial arthropods (insects and mites), and beneficial pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes), featuring a tabular pest identification guide. Descriptions of biocontrol organisms are divided into four sections: species characteristics, lifecycle, crop/pest associations, and influences of growing practices. The text is illustrated throughout with color photographs of the highest quality. This revised edition helps readers more fully understand the concepts and practice of biological control and integrated pest management. All chapters have been updated and expanded, and more than 300 new photographs have been added. The second edition covers new beneficial organisms and pest profiles, and it includes a new chapter on the practical aspects and application of biological control. It also contains a new final chapter that puts biological control in perspective, discussing interactions that occur when using biocontrol for population management as well as some of the possible mechanisms of biocontrol.

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