Deterring Cyber Warfare

  • Filename: deterring-cyber-warfare.
  • ISBN: 9781137476180
  • Release Date: 2014-12-05
  • Number of pages: 95
  • Author: B. Mazanec
  • Publisher: Springer



While the deterrence of cyber attacks is one of the most important issues facing the United States and other nations, the application of deterrence theory to the cyber realm is problematic. This study introduces cyber warfare and reviews the challenges associated with deterring cyber attacks, offering key recommendations to aid the deterrence of major cyber attacks.

Defining and Deterring Cyber War

  • Filename: defining-and-deterring-cyber-war.
  • ISBN: OCLC:427548004
  • Release Date: 2009
  • Number of pages: 32
  • Author: Scott W. Beidleman
  • Publisher:



Since the advent of the Internet in the 1990s, not all users have acted in cyberspace for peaceful purposes. In fact, the threat and impact of attack in and through cyberspace has continuously grown to the extent that cyberspace has emerged as a setting for war on par with land, sea, air, and space, with increasing potential to damage the national security of states, as illustrated by attacks on Estonia and Georgia. Roughly a decade after the advent of the Internet, the international community still has no codified, sanctioned body of norms to govern state action in cyberspace. Such a body of norms, or regime, must be established to deter aggression in cyberspace. This project explores the potential for cyber attack to cause exceptionally grave damage to a state's national security, and examines cyber attack as an act of war. The paper examines efforts to apply existing international norms to cyberspace and also assesses how traditional concepts of deterrence apply in cyberspace. The project concludes that cyber attack, under certain conditions, must be treated as an act of war, that deterrence works to dissuade cyber aggression, and provides recommendations to protect American national interests.

Deterring Cyber Warfare

  • Filename: deterring-cyber-warfare.
  • ISBN: 9781137476180
  • Release Date: 2014-12-05
  • Number of pages: 95
  • Author: B. Mazanec
  • Publisher: Springer



While the deterrence of cyber attacks is one of the most important issues facing the United States and other nations, the application of deterrence theory to the cyber realm is problematic. This study introduces cyber warfare and reviews the challenges associated with deterring cyber attacks, offering key recommendations to aid the deterrence of major cyber attacks.

Proceedings of a Workshop on Deterring Cyberattacks

  • Filename: proceedings-of-a-workshop-on-deterring-cyberattacks.
  • ISBN: 9780309160865
  • Release Date: 2010-10-14
  • Number of pages: 387
  • Author: Committee on Deterring Cyberattacks: Informing Strategies and Developing Options
  • Publisher: National Academies Press



In a world of increasing dependence on information technology, the prevention of cyberattacks on a nation's important computer and communications systems and networks is a problem that looms large. Given the demonstrated limitations of passive cybersecurity defense measures, it is natural to consider the possibility that deterrence might play a useful role in preventing cyberattacks against the United States and its vital interests. At the request of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the National Research Council undertook a two-phase project aimed to foster a broad, multidisciplinary examination of strategies for deterring cyberattacks on the United States and of the possible utility of these strategies for the U.S. government. The first phase produced a letter report providing basic information needed to understand the nature of the problem and to articulate important questions that can drive research regarding ways of more effectively preventing, discouraging, and inhibiting hostile activity against important U.S. information systems and networks. The second phase of the project entailed selecting appropriate experts to write papers on questions raised in the letter report. A number of experts, identified by the committee, were commissioned to write these papers under contract with the National Academy of Sciences. Commissioned papers were discussed at a public workshop held June 10-11, 2010, in Washington, D.C., and authors revised their papers after the workshop. Although the authors were selected and the papers reviewed and discussed by the committee, the individually authored papers do not reflect consensus views of the committee, and the reader should view these papers as offering points of departure that can stimulate further work on the topics discussed. The papers presented in this volume are published essentially as received from the authors, with some proofreading corrections made as limited time allowed.

The Evolution of Cyber War

  • Filename: the-evolution-of-cyber-war.
  • ISBN: 9781612347745
  • Release Date: 2015-09-29
  • Number of pages: 336
  • Author: Brian M. Mazanec
  • Publisher: U of Nebraska Press



Former secretary of defense Leon Panetta once described cyber warfare as "the most serious threat in the twenty-first century," capable of destroying our entire infrastructure and crippling the nation. Already, major cyber attacks have affected countries around the world: Estonia in 2007, Georgia in 2008, Iran in 2010, and most recently the United States. As with other methods of war, cyber technology can be used not only against military forces and facilities but also against civilian targets. Information technology has enabled a new method of warfare that is proving extremely difficult to combat, let alone defeat. And yet cyber warfare is still in its infancy, with innumerable possibilities and contingencies for how such conflicts may play out in the coming decades. Brian M. Mazanec examines the worldwide development of constraining norms for cyber war and predicts how those norms will unfold in the future. Employing case studies of other emerging-technology weapons--chemical and biological, strategic bombing, and nuclear weaponry--Mazanec expands previous understandings of norm-evolution theory, offering recommendations for U.S. policymakers and citizens alike as they grapple with the reality of cyber terrorism in our own backyard.

ECCWS2015 Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security 2015

  • Filename: eccws2015-proceedings-of-the-14th-european-conference-on-cyber-warfare-and-security-2015.
  • ISBN: 9781910810286
  • Release Date: 2015-07-01
  • Number of pages: 468
  • Author: Dr Nasser Abouzakhar
  • Publisher: Academic Conferences Limited



Complete proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security Hatfield UK Published by Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited

Understanding Cyber Warfare and Its Implications for Indian Armed Forces

  • Filename: understanding-cyber-warfare-and-its-implications-for-indian-armed-forces.
  • ISBN: 9789382573791
  • Release Date: 2013-09-05
  • Number of pages: 384
  • Author: R K Tyagi
  • Publisher: Vij Books India Pvt Ltd



The book is divided into two parts. Part 1 deals with cyber warfare in general bringing out the unique characteristics of cyber space, the recent cyber attack on Estonia and the Stuxnet attack on Iranian Nuclear facilities, how the established Principles of War can be applied in cyberspace, cyber strategy of US and China, offensive and defensive aspects of cyber warfare cyber deterrence and the new challenge facing the militaries the world over- leadership in cyber domain. Part 2 is devoted to the Indian context. It discusses in detail the impact of ICT on the life of an ordinary Indian citizen, the cyber challenges facing the country and the implications for the Indian Armed Forces. A few recommendations have been summarised in the end.

Cyber War versus Cyber Realities

  • Filename: cyber-war-versus-cyber-realities.
  • ISBN: 9780190204808
  • Release Date: 2015-04-27
  • Number of pages: 256
  • Author: Brandon Valeriano
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press



In 2011, the United States government declared a cyber attack as equal to an act of war, punishable with conventional military means. Cyber operations, cyber crime, and other forms of cyber activities directed by one state against another are now considered part of the normal relations range of combat and conflict, and the rising fear of cyber conflict has brought about a reorientation of military affairs. What is the reality of this threat? Is it actual or inflated, fear or fact-based? Taking a bold stand against the mainstream wisdom, Valeriano and Maness argue that there is very little evidence that cyber war is, or is likely to become, a serious threat. Their claim is empirically grounded, involving a careful analysis of cyber incidents and disputes experienced by international states since 2001, and an examination of the processes leading to cyber conflict. As the authors convincingly show, cyber incidents are a little-used tactic, with low-level intensity and few to no long-term effects. As well, cyber incidents are motivated by the same dynamics that prompt regional conflicts. Based on this evidence, Valeriano and Maness lay out a set of policy recommendations for proper defense against cyber threats that is built on restraint and regionalism.

21st Century Chinese Cyberwarfare

  • Filename: 21st-century-chinese-cyberwarfare.
  • ISBN: 9781849283359
  • Release Date: 2012-03-05
  • Number of pages: 349
  • Author: William Hagestad II
  • Publisher: IT Governance Ltd



21st Century Chinese Cyberwarfare draws from a combination of business, cultural, historical and linguistic sources, as well as the author's personal experience, to attempt to explain China to the uninitiated. The objective of the book is to present the salient information regarding the use of cyber warfare doctrine by the People's Republic of China to promote its own interests and enforce its political, military and economic will on other nation states. The threat of Chinese Cyberwarfare can no longer be ignored. It is a clear and present danger to the experienced and innocent alike and will be economically, societally and culturally changing and damaging for the nations that are targeted.

Cyber Warfare

  • Filename: cyber-warfare.
  • ISBN: 9781317645559
  • Release Date: 2015-05-22
  • Number of pages: 196
  • Author: James A. Green
  • Publisher: Routledge



This book is a multi-disciplinary analysis of cyber warfare, featuring contributions by leading experts from a mixture of academic and professional backgrounds. Cyber warfare, meaning interstate cyber aggression, is an increasingly important emerging phenomenon in international relations, with state-orchestrated (or apparently state-orchestrated) computer network attacks occurring in Estonia (2007), Georgia (2008) and Iran (2010). This method of waging warfare – given its potential to, for example, make planes fall from the sky or cause nuclear power plants to melt down – has the capacity to be as devastating as any conventional means of conducting armed conflict. Every state in the world now has a cyber-defence programme and over 120 states also have a cyber-attack programme. While the amount of literature on cyber warfare is growing within disciplines, our understanding of the subject has been limited by a lack of cross-disciplinary engagement. In response, this book, drawn from the fields of computer science, military strategy, international law, political science and military ethics, provides a critical overview of cyber warfare for those approaching the topic from whatever angle. Chapters consider the emergence of the phenomena of cyber warfare in international affairs; what cyber-attacks are from a technological standpoint; the extent to which cyber-attacks can be attributed to state actors; the strategic value and danger posed by cyber conflict; the legal regulation of cyber-attacks, both as international uses of force and as part of an on-going armed conflict, and the ethical implications of cyber warfare. This book will be of great interest to students of cyber warfare, cyber security, military ethics, international law, security studies and IR in general.

Cyber Warfare North Korea Hack Attack Wack International Law Cybersecurity

  • Filename: cyber-warfare-north-korea-hack-attack-wack-international-law-cybersecurity.
  • ISBN: 9781312794917
  • Release Date: 2014-12-30
  • Number of pages: 139
  • Author: Journal of Law and Cyber Warfare
  • Publisher: Lulu.com



The Journal of Law & Cyber Warfare provides a public peer-reviewed professional forum for the open discussion and education of technology, business, legal, and military professionals concerning the legal issues businesses and governments arising out of cyber attacks or acts of cyber war. The Journal of Law and Cyber Warfare is published twice per year by top legal professionals and scholars from the law, technology, security, and business industries. The views expressed in the Journal of Law and Cyber Warfare are those of the authors and not necessarily of the Journal of Law and Cyber Warfare.

Cyberdeterrence and Cyberwar

  • Filename: cyberdeterrence-and-cyberwar.
  • ISBN: 9780833047342
  • Release Date: 2009
  • Number of pages: 214
  • Author: Martin C. Libicki
  • Publisher: Rand Corporation



Cyberspace, where information—and hence serious value—is stored and manipulated, is a tempting target. An attacker could be a person, group, or state and may disrupt or corrupt the systems from which cyberspace is built. When states are involved, it is tempting to compare fights to warfare, but there are important differences. The author addresses these differences and ways the United States protect itself in the face of attack.

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